Archive for the ‘Bones’ Category
Bones form the backbone of the skeletal system, providing support, and structure to our body. They mainly act as a guarding element for the more sensitive body parts like brain, lungs or the heart.
A typical bone is composed of three layers, the inner most being the bone marrow where new cells are continuously being formed and developed.
Bones have their own protective mechanism and broken bones are healed by the tissues that are formed in the bone marrow over a period of time.
One of the most important elements in a bone is calcium and various diseases are often caused due to the lack of this mineral.
The most common among them is Osteoporosis where the bones lose their strength. Second is Arthritis which affects the bones in the joints. Rickets is a disease caused by calcium disorder in childrenâ€™s.
Other type of disorders includes Osteomyelitis, Paget’s disease and osteonecrosis.
There are two hundred and six bones in our body that build the basic framework of the body. Bones are the basic building structures of the body. It is the bones on which the entire body weight stands. Bones are made of phosphorus, calcium, sodium and other minerals. It also consists of the protein collagen.
Calcium is the main element that is required to strengthen the bones. Vitamin D is also required as it helps in the absorption of calcium by the bones. Most of the bone related disorders that affect an individual are due to the deficiency of one or either of calcium and vitamin D.
Rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis and arthritis, are the common disorders associating bones. Thus, for the prevention of such disorders it is advised that one has a diet supplemented with enough calcium and vitamin D. Milk, cheese, some beans and some grains are some of the food items rich in calcium.